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Introduction

CONTENTS

Zen & Understanding the Middle East

Introduction
Sellers' Market
Will to Believe
Rules of Thumb

"The truth is out there "
Use & misuse of words
False information signals more false information
Technical whiz-bang
Understand the Context
Lies, More Lies, Damn Lies and Newspapers
Beware of Generalizations
Theology and scripture
Misleading Statistics
Smoke in your eyes: a picture can be worth a thousand lies
What is Missing?
Myth versus fact versus narrative
The past was not like the present; the future will be different

Fallacy Recognition in the Middle East

Fallacies and Arguments
Cause and Effect
Slippery Slope
Gambler's Fallacy
Ad Hominem
Authority
Beliefs
Appeal to Novelty
Appeal to Emotion
Appeal to Tradition
False Dilemma or Black and White Thinking
Special Pleading
The Spotlight Fallacy
Who is to Say?

Fallacy Handbook

Man is a unique animal in that most of what humans know is derived from others. We know about history that occurred before we were born only from records left by others. We know about events that occur in other parts of the world through accounts of others. We count on scientists and technical experts to tell us things about the physical world in language we can understand. We cannot usually investigate any of this knowledge.


When others try to fool us, or we try to fool ourselves, we can be easily led astray. The chances of being fooled are greater as the possibility for first hand investigation decreases. If someone tells you there is a bear in your bedroom, you can go and check if there is a bear there. If someone tells you there is life on the far side of the moon, you cannot check it so easily.


When we are called upon to make judgements about matters we don't understand, we rely on authorities. In a recent poll, it was found that over 20% of American voters had heard little or nothing about Iran and the Iranian nuclear development project. Yet, among this group that professed ignorance, 77% said that they favored sanctions against Iran, similar to the 78% who favored sanctions among the group who claimed to know about the subject! Those had not heard much, as those who had heard, apparently got their opinions from authorities, "people who should know."

Next: Sellers' Market

Understanding the Middle East I Understanding the Middle East II - Words about Words

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Copyright

This material is copyright © by Ami Isseroff and MidEastWeb for Coexistence RA, 2006. Please do link to these pages and tell your friends about them. by e-mail. You may print out these materials for nonprofit use.  Do not reproduce these pages or the entire book for any other purpose in any media other than e-mail without permission.

External Links

This site provides resources about Zionism and Israeli history, including links to source documents. We are not responsible for the information content of these sites. These links are NOT intended to be an exhaustive reference about Zionism, but the list will keep growing...

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MidEastWeb  History of Israel Palestine and the Middle East Conflict conflict   

MidEastWeb Middle East News, Views, Maps and History

Zionism  Definition and Brief History  A balanced article that covers the definitions and history of Zionism as well as opposition to Zionism and criticisms by Arabs,  Jewish antiZionists.

Labor Zionism   History and Critique  Contribution of Labor Zionism to the creation of the Jewish state, and problems of Labor Zionism in a changing reality.

Concise Guide to IsraeliZionist CyberSpace

Israel-Palestina  (Dutch) Middle East Conflict, Israel, Palestine,Zionism... Israël-Palestina Informatie gids Israël, Palestijnen en Midden-Oosten conflict... Israeli-Palestinian conflict from a European perspective  Dutch and English.

English  Israel-Palestine.info Guide to the Middle East Conflict (Peace, Zionism, antiSemitism ...)

Advocacy

Active Zionism  A Zionist advocacy site with many useful links

PEACE Watch  Middle East Dialog and Peace Process

Pnews  Progressive Views on Zionism Israel Jews & AntiSemitism

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ZioNation - Zionism-Israel Web Log    Zionism & Israel News  Israel: like this, as if History of Zionism Zionism FAQ Zionism Israel Center Maps of Israel Jew  Zionism and its Impact

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