UN human rights inquiry: Israel should compensate Lebanon
A United Nations human rights inquiry said on Friday that Israel should be
made to pay compensation for damage caused by the month-long Lebanon,
especially losses incurred by civilians.
It suggested setting up an international compensation program similar to the
one which has paid out billions of dollars to cover losses due to Iraq's
1990-91 invasion and occupation of Kuwait.
But the three-member commission of inquiry left any decision to the UN Human
"It should consider creation of a commission competent to examine individual
claims for reparations and compensation...," commission member Joao Clemente
Baena Soares told a briefing.
"If the council, the international community, wishes to set up a mechanism, I
remind you that the Security Council established a commission on Iraqi
reparations for Kuwait. Why not also a commission for Lebanon?" commission
member Stelios Perrakis told reporters.
Israel denounced the UN investigation, saying the report ignored Hezbollah
militants who fired 4,000 rockets at Israel.
Itzhak Levanon, Israel's ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva, said in a
speech to the UN Human Rights Council that its three-member commission of
inquiry had produced a "report rife with imbalances and misrepresentation."
The three legal experts, sent to Lebanon to probe charges of "systematic
targeting and killing" of Lebanese civilians by Israel, said in a November 21
report that Israel was guilty of "excessive, indiscriminate and
disproportionate use of force" in the war.
They said their limited mandate prevented them from probing Hezbollah's
actions, and commission members rejected Israeli and U.S. charges the
commission was one-sided.
"Of course it (the report) was not one-sided, it was within the limits imposed
by the mandate," Perrakis told reporters.
U.S. ambassador Warren Tichenor said: "No report can be credible that attempts
to find facts and draw conclusions about an armed conflict without examining
the actions of both sides."
Levanon said the UN report was wrong to omit a reference to "Lebanon's
obligations to prevent the use of its territory for hostile acts and to disarm
and disband Hezbollah."
"The disturbing reality is that the conflict in Lebanon was the direct result
of an unprovoked Hezbollah attack, emanating from Lebanon into Israel," he
The war broke out after Hezbollah captured two Israeli soldiers in a
cross-border raid on July 12.
Levanon said Israel had been forced to act in self-defense, confronted by
"Hezbollah terrorists on one hand, who deliberately made every effort to
create civilian casualties on both sides, and its own forces on the other
hand, who were committed to making every effort to minimize them."
Around 1,200 Lebanese and more than 150 Israelis were killed in the 34-day
The UN commission charged that Israel did not limit assaults to military
targets and had made excessive use of cluster bombs which have continued to
injure and kill after the war's end. This amounted to collective punishment,
Levanon stressed Israel had no wish to injure Lebanese civilians and had tried
to spare their lives by dropping leaflets and giving advance warnings of its
"Israel did this, knowing full well that it would give Hezbollah time to
escape, regroup and set up ambushes, and that Israel would endure casualties
at the expense of military surprise," Levanon said.
"Israel's conduct, which far exceeds the requirements of international
humanitarian law, proved itself in practice, reducing injury to civilians," he
Perrakis said Lebanon's fishing and farm industries had been damaged by
Israeli attacks, and oil spills from refineries had reached Cyprus, Turkey and
The inquiry had established that Israel bore international responsibility for
the violations and damage, he said.
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