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Thursday, January 11, 2007

Israel field-tests effective anti-RPG weapon - So why isn't the U.S. Army doing the same?

Israel field-tests effective anti-RPG weapon
So why isn't the U.S. Army doing the same? NBC News investigates
By Adam Ciralsky, Lisa Myers & the NBC News Investigative Unit
Updated: 7:16 p.m. ET Jan. 9, 2007

WASHINGTON - In September, NBC News first reported on a fierce debate within
the Pentagon over an Israeli-made system that shoots rocket-propelled
grenades (RPGs) out of the sky. The Army seems intent on killing the system,
but officials in the Office of the Secretary of Defense believe it can save
American lives.

Over the last three years, U.S. commanders in Iraq have issued a series of
urgent pleas for a system to counter RPGs - a favorite weapon of insurgents
in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The Pentagon's Office of Force Transformation (OFT) scoured the world for a
solution and thought it found one in "Trophy," which was developed over the
last decade in Israel.

Trophy works by scanning all directions and automatically detecting when an
RPG is launched. The system then fires an interceptor - traveling hundreds
of miles a minute - that destroys the RPG safely away from the vehicle.

OFT subjected Trophy to 30 tests and found it is "more than 98 percent"
effective at killing RPGs. Officials then made plans to battle-test the
system on some Stryker fighting vehicles headed to Iraq this year.

But the U.S. Army blocked that testing. Why? Pentagon sources tell NBC
News - and internal Army documents seem to confirm - that Army officials
consider Trophy a threat to their crown jewel, the $160 billion Future
Combat System (FCS). Under FCS, the Army is paying Raytheon Co. $70 million
to build an RPG-defense system from scratch.

In an interview with NBC News on June 26, 2006, an Army official said Trophy
simply is not ready.

"The Army is opposed to deploying a system before we assure that it's safe,
effective, suitable and supportable," said Col. Donald Kotchman. "Trophy is
not there yet."

In letters to Congress since our first reports, the Army says that the best
proof Trophy is not ready is that the "Israeli Defense Forces have yet to
integrate and field Trophy."

To check out the Army's claims, we went back to Israel. We found that the
Israeli military has indeed begun to integrate and field Trophy on tanks,
buying at least 100 systems.

Brig. Gen. Amir Nir leads that effort. We asked him about claims that Trophy
has not been sufficiently tested and that it's not ready to be deployed.

"It's the most mature, and it can do the job," he said. "We cannot afford
waiting for the next generation."

This fall, after our first reports aired, Maj. Gen. Jeffrey Sorenson gave
Congress a laundry list of reasons the U.S. Army opposes Trophy.

Can Trophy handle attacks from every direction?

"From the standpoint of providing 360-degree coverage, we have issues,"
Sorenson told the Tactical Air and Land Forces subcommittee of the House
Armed Services Committee on Sept. 21, 2006.

What does Nir say? Will Trophy be able to engage targets from all

"Yeah, 360 degrees," he says.

Can Trophy reload automatically?

"From the standpoint of an autoloader that's not yet developed, we have
issues," said Sorenson before Congress.

Sorenson suggested that in the absence of an autoloader, soldiers would have
to climb out of the vehicle and manually reload the system, perhaps under
hostile fire?

We went to Trophy's manufacturer, Rafael, to see if there is an autoloader.

Col. Didi Ben Yoash, a reservist in the Israeli Defense Forces who works for
Rafael, showed us one.

"Absolutely, this is an autoloader," he said.

How does he respond to U.S. Army claims that Trophy doesn't have an

"Well, this is an autoloader," he said.

Gen. Nir also confimed to NBC that "the full system provides you the ability
to reload automatically."

What's the risk to troops when Trophy intercepts an RPG?

After our first report on Sept. 5, 2006, the Army told Congress it has
"serious concerns over soldier safety."

What is the Israeli army's view of how much additional risk there is to the

"As far as we tested, it added at most 1 percent," says Nir. "Not a
significant risk."

In fact, the Israelis argue that Trophy, while not perfect, will provide
much-needed protection for troops and save lives - the same conclusion
reached by Trophy's backers in the Pentagon. They argue that Trophy should
be fielded as an interim solution in response to U.S. commanders requests
for help against RPGs. These officials believe that the troops cannot afford
to wait while the U.S. Army and Raytheon perfect a longer-term solution.

We wanted to ask the U.S. Army about all this. Sorensen first agreed to an
interview, then canceled it. The Army also refused to answer 29 specific
questions we submitted.

The Army did give us two statements, one saying, in part: "The U.S. Army is
dedicated to ensuring our soldiers deploy with the best force protection
capability" and is working on a system to counter RPGs.

When will that system, being built by Raytheon, be ready?

The Army previously told us it could get it to the troops in four years, by
2011, but now declines to say whether it still is on course to meet that

Later this week on "NBC Nightly News with Brian Williams," Lisa Myers will
continue her reporting on the Trophy weapons system. She'll reveal new
internal Army documents that suggest the Army went even further than she
previously reported to block Pentagon efforts to test Trophy.

Copyright - Original materials copyright (c) by the authors. Originally posted at Please do link to these articles, quote from them and forward them by email to friends with this notice. Other uses require written permission of the author.


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