Following Lebanon war, survey finds Israeli Arabs less patriotic towards
Israel, more towards Arab nation, Palestinian state
Moran Rada YNET Published: 01.17.07, 14:34
According to a survey conducted by Prof. Ephraim Yaar, Head of the Evens
Program in Mediation and Conflict Resolution at Tel Aviv University, and
Efrat Peleg, the second Lebanon war caused a significant drop in the
patriotism Arab citizens felt for Israel .
The survey's findings would be presented at the Institute for Policy and
Strategy Herzelia Conference which would begin Sunday.
The survey showed that its Israeli Arab respondents rated their Arab
patriotism at 86 percent, their Palestinian patriotism at 61 percent, and
their Israeli patriotism at 38 percent.
The survey also showed that participants were not proud of being Israeli,
and that their emotional affinity to the country was diminishing. Only 45
percent of the Israeli Arab participants said they would encourage their
children to remain living in Israel.
War weakened patriotism
About eight hundred Israeli citizens, both Jewish and Arab, participated in
the survey. The main conclusion reached through the survey's findings was
that the second Lebanon war had the opposite effect on Israel's Jewish
citizens than it did on Israel's Arab citizens.
In contrast to the Jewish population, who found the resilience of the home
front impressive, the Israeli Arab population did not.
In addition, the survey revealed an even larger gap in perception of the war
when comparing the Jewish and Arab population in Haifa and the North.
The survey showed that Jews in Haifa and the North became more emotionally
attached to Israel following the war, whereas the emotional attachment to
Israel diminished amongst the Arab population in the same cities.
The willingness of Israel's citizens to enlist in a time of need was also
surveyed. The findings showed that the percentage of Israeli Arabs wiling to
enlist in the army decreased significantly following the second Lebanon war.
In 2006, 42 percent of the Arab population was prepared to fight for Israel,
whereas only 26.5 percent was willing to do so in 2007.
However, despite the decrease, the survey's conductors emphasized that there
was still a significant minority amongst the Arab public that would enlist.
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