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While Israel Seeks Peace Through Two-State Solution,
Israel renewed its efforts to find a peaceable solution to the Israeli-Arab conflict this week, with Prime Minister Ehud Olmert agreeing to meet regularly for talks with Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas after both held discussions with visiting U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.
According to a senior U.S. official, "The issues [to be discussed] would be security, humanitarian and the political horizon." 
More recently, Olmert and Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni both spoke of "positive elements" in the Saudi plan as a basis for negotiations. 
I- Full Israeli withdrawal from all the territories occupied since 1967, including the Syrian Golan Heights, to the June 4, 1967 lines as well as the remaining occupied Lebanese territories in the south of Lebanon.
II- Achievement of a just solution to the Palestinian refugee problem to be agreed upon in accordance with U.N. General Assembly Resolution 194.
III- The acceptance of the establishment of a sovereign independent Palestinian state on the Palestinian territories occupied since June 4, 1967 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital.
In return, Arab leaders guaranteed a cessation to the Arab-Israeli conflict, to negotiate a peace agreement with Israel and to fully normalize relations with the Jewish state.
On March 24, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon landed in Israel and was met by Israeli Minister of Defense, Amir Peretz. Ban and Peretz discussed a range of political and security matters. 
Threats emanating from Iran, Syria and Lebanon were also on the agenda.
The Middle East is the U.N. chief's second international tour since becoming Secretary-General.  His first trip was to several African countries.
The Quartet requires that the PA government fully recognize the State of Israel, comply with former peace agreements and renounce terror.
On Saturday, March 24, Secretary-General Ban and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met with foreign ministers from the 'Arab Quartet' to discus Arab opportunities for negotiations with Israel. 
In a joint-press conference with PM Olmert, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said, "The Quartet would like to see this government clearly committed to nonviolence, recognition of Israel and acceptance of existing agreements and it will be assessed by its actions in the future. A vital first step would be for the new government to take action against the firing of rockets from Gaza and to secure the release of Corporal Shalit."
U.N. spokesperson Michele Montas said Secretary-General Ban "hoped that the Palestinian government [sic] would respect all existing agreements and reflect principles outlined by the diplomatic Quartet, the international grouping that includes the U.N. as well as the European Union, Russian Federation and the United States." 
According to the Israel Defense Forces spokesperson's office, between March 5 and March 19 a total of 13 Qassam rockets and mortar shells were launched from the Gaza Strip. Six of the rockets and shells landed in Israel.
 Arshad, Mohammed, "Israel, Palestinian leaders agree to regular talks," Reuters, March 27, 2007, http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSL2711123320070327
 Al-Mughrabi, Nidal, "Palestinian PM says new cabinet backs 'resistance,' " Reuters, March 17, 2007, http://ca.today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=topNews&storyID=2007-03-17T105834Z_01_L16527358_RTRIDST_0_NEWS-PALESTINIANS-COL.XML
 Usher, Graham, "The Saudi initiative," Al-Ahram Weekly Online, Feb. 28-March 6, 2002, Issue No. 575, http://weekly.ahram.org,eg/2002/575/fr3.htm
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