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Monday, June 11, 2007

New Eye in the Sky for Israel

The question is, whether the satellite resolution is better than that of commercially available satellite photos. For Ofek 5, it was apparenlty not better. And, the question is, suppose you spot a problem in Iran, ranging from a new building to preparations for a missile launch. What do you do about it?
Ami Isseroff
Israel successfully launches Ofek 7 spy satellite
Yaakov Katz, THE JERUSALEM POST Jun. 11, 2007

In the face of Iran's race to obtain nuclear weapons and predictions that war with Syria is on the horizon, Israel strengthened its foothold in space pre-dawn Monday and successfully launched a spy satellite, which defense officials said granted the IDF unprecedented operational capabilities.

The satellite, called Ofek 7, was launched from the Palmahim Air Force Base and successfully reached orbit. Officials said however that it would take several days to test the satellite's systems before it would be declared operational. The satellite was launched atop a Shavit missile.

The successful launch came as a great relief for the defense establishment and particularly Israel Aerospace Industries, lead contractor of the Ofek project. In September 2004, Israel failed to successfully launch the Ofek 6, which in its third boost stage plummeted to the sea. At the time, despite the disappointment, the Defense Ministry continued ahead with its development of the Ofek 7.

Weighing 300 kilograms, the Ofek 7 will orbit earth from up to 600 kilometers in space. It has a four-year lifespan and will communicate its images via downlink with an IAI-run ground station.

Defense officials said that the launching of the satellite was part of the MOD's multi-year work plan but was also in line with the defense establishment's "operational needs." Israel has traditionally launched a new satellite once every two-and-a-half years staring in the late 1980s.

While refusing to divulge the performance levels of the new satellite, defense officials said that it was by far the most advanced satellite Israel has launched into space. Officials said that it was superior to the Eros B satellite - launched in April 2006 - which has the ability to spot images on the ground as small as 70 centimeters. The officials refused to divulge what made it superior

"With this launch we have improved Israel's operational capabilities by dozens of percent," said Brig.-Gen. Haim Eshet, director of Space Programming at the MOD's Research and Development Directorate (MAFAT). "This is due to the improvements made to the satellite and also since we now have better coverage in the skies."

In addition to the Eros B - a civilian-owned satellite used by the MOD on a contract basis - Israel currently operates the Ofek 5 spy satellite, successfully launched in May 2002.

It was supposed to have had a four-year life span, but its producers boast that it is still functioning and continues to produce high-resolution pictures from space. Its telescopic camera was designed by Elbit Systems and has variable direction capability.

The Ofek 5 satellite is in an elliptical orbit that reportedly takes it over Iran, Iraq, and Syria once every 90 minutes.

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