Make no mistake. The Israel boycott resolutions springing up all over the US and the UK are not accidental, and they are not spontaneous outbursts of concern over the Israeli occupation. They are part of a concerted and longstanding anti-normalization effort, orchestrated by those who oppose a peaceful settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. They are spearheaded by a bogus Palestinian trade union federation created solely for the purpose of political action against Israel, an equally bogus anti-boycott campaign "coalition" that does not reveal what organizations belong to their "coalition" and a variety of Israeli, U.K. and U.S. anti-Zionist activists. The initiators of the boycotts masquerade as human rights advocates, but in other contexts, often in Arabic, they make it clear that their agenda is annihilation of Israel. According to them, Palestinians who engage in dialogue are traitors who take crumbs from the Americans and Europeans.