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Sunday, March 16, 2008

Rethinking Israel's rocket defense

Israel is reconsidering its choice of the Israeli made Iron Dome rocket defense system. Rocket defense is a new technology. Therefore it is certain that any system devised will arouse skepticism and debate, will be inadequate and will probably need to be replaced when countermeasures are devised. However, the same was true of anti-aircraft systems, of radar and of tanks and anti-tank guns and every other system that evolved over time.
Evolving systems are always expensive and faulty, and the people who make the choices get blamed  no matter what the choices are, and the secret technology is obsolete five years later, after it is discovered that it was responsible for winning the war.
The major drawbacks of the Israeli Iron Dome system, not explained in this mediocre article, are that it cannot be used for rockets that are closer than 4 km distant, since the warning time is too brief, and that each iron dome projectile costs somewhere between $40,000 and $100,000.00. Palestinians could bankrupt Israel by launching enough of the cheap Qassam rockets. Moreover, as is the case for almost all projects under development, the operational readiness date of the Iron Dome system keeps getting pushed into the future. By the time it is ready, the Hamas may have ICBMs.
The major drawbacks of the American Nautilus system are that it does not cover a wide range and would not work on cloudy days.
Ami Isseroff

 Last update - 17:06 16/03/2008       
Barak rethinking 'Iron Dome' defense system in face of Gaza rockets
By Reuters
Spurred by a surge in Palestinian rocket salvoes and charges of arms industry protectionism, Israel is rethinking its rejection of deployable foreign defense technologies which can counter the rocket attacks.
Defense Minister Ehud Barak has staked his reputation on Iron Dome, a device in the works at Rafael, the Israel Arms Development Authority, that would use missiles to shoot down the short-range rockets favored by Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip.
But Iron Dome will not be operational before 2010, a lag many Israelis consider insupportable given spiraling violence on the border with Gaza, the territory which Israel withdrew from three years ago and which Islamist Hamas seized last year.
There are also ramifications for Israel's peace talks with Hamas' rival, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Barak would likely insist that any deal ceding the West Bank to Abbas be conditioned on the deployment of a working anti-rocket apparatus.
Under pressure to find stop-gap solutions, Barak is reviewing two potential substitutes for Iron Dome whose import was previously ruled out by Israel, defense officials said.
One is Nautilus, a joint Israeli-American invention that uses lasers to blow up rockets and mortar bombs mid-flight. The other is Phalanx, an automated machinegun produced by U.S. firm Raytheon whose heavy bullets shred incoming shells.
Senior Barak aide Pinchas Buchris flew to the U.S. state of New Mexico on Sunday to watch Nautilus - now being upgraded under a new name, Skyguard - in action. The mission is significant as Israeli experts long wrote off Nautilus's performance as inadequate.
Haaretz has reported that a Defense Ministry delegation also visited Raytheon this month to inspect Phalanx.
Export considerations
Haaretz security analyst Reuven Pedatzur suggested that the ministry's reluctance to consider alternatives to Iron Dome stemmed at least in part from desire for "an export deal with a foreign country" - an allusion to the prospect of profits from developing an Israeli system that could later be sold abroad.
Defense Ministry spokesman Shlomo Dror denied that protectionism motivated Iron Dome's selection, saying its slated performance was deemed by a team of government and independent experts to be more reliable than that of Nautilus or Phalanx.
There may be environmental considerations, too. According to Dror, Nautilus is cumbersome and uses chemicals that can be toxic. Phalanx would have to be stationed within towns targeted by Palestinian rocket crews and residents would likely be jarred by the cannons going off within earshot at little notice.
But Dror allowed that "if we can sell this [Iron Dome], we can reduce the costs of its production and use".
Dror confirmed that Israel is looking anew at Phalanx and Nautilus, if only to assess their core technologies as potential complements for Iron Dome. "I think the future will be a combination of laser and missile systems," he said.
No one in Israel denies that improvements will be needed given the limited geography of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
Short-range rockets from Gaza are often in the air for less than 10 seconds, an interception "window" that could prove too narrow for even the most advanced counter-measures.
A senior Israeli military source said the army may come under orders to create "buffer zones" in the Gaza frontier in order to compel Palestinian factions to launch from further inland, extending their rockets' flight time.

Copyright - Original materials copyright (c) by the authors. Originally posted at Please do link to these articles, quote from them and forward them by email to friends with this notice. Other uses require written permission of the author.


  • The chosen tactics of shooting down cheap rockets by advanced technology that will cost millions is neither effective or economical. As long as Israel is hesitant of meeting Palestinian attacks head-on by resolute and powerful counter-attacks or even pre-emptive attacks the problem will not be solved.

    By Blogger Isaac Haskiya, At March 17, 2008 10:39:00 AM GMT+00:00  

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