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Definitions of Zionism By non-Zionists

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Definitions of Zionism by Others

Back to Definitions of Zionism - Introduction  Definitions of Zionism by Zionist Groups

Here are some links to definitions of Zionism by non-Zionist sources and Web sites. We are not responsible for the ideological content or historical or linguistic accuracy of these definitions. 

There are many "Zionisms"-religious, political, and cultural-all of which have in common the desire to see Jews from around the world settled permanently in a homeland in Palestine, the historical land of Israel. Religious Zionists believe that the gathering together of world Jewry into the land of Israel will fulfill biblical prophecy and bring on the millennium. Political Zionists seeks to build a nation state for the Jewish people, and cultural Zionists seek to strengthen Jewish cultural identity within their historic homeland. Jews who are not Zionists either oppose the existence of the Jewish state for religious reasons
American Friends Service Committee

Political and cultural movement calling for the return of the Jewish people to their Biblical home.
www. fcit. coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/resource/glossary.htm

Movement of Jewish national revival calling for the return of the Jewish people to Palestine and the establishment of a nation-state there.

The doctrine that the Jews are a nation without a country and should have a country of their own in Israel/Palestine. The Zionist movement was founded as an official organization by Theodore Herzl in Basle in 1897.

Movement founded by the Viennese Jewish journalist Theodor Herzl, who argued in his 1896 book Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State) that the best way of avoiding anti-Semitism in Europe was to create an independent Jewish state in Palestine. Zionism was named after Mount Zion in Jerusalem, a symbol of the Jewish homeland in Palestine since the Babylonian captivity in the 6th century BC. The movement culminated in the birth of the state of Israel in 1948.

The movement to establish and maintain a Jewish homeland.
http:// www. collections.ic.gc.ca/art_context/tglost_z.htm

The movement that arose at the end of the 19th century with the aim of establishing a homeland for Jews in (then) Palestine. www.bluethread.com/glossary.htm

The national liberation movement of the Jewish people, which holds that Jews are entitled to a homeland in the Land of Israel. Theodore Herzl, the "father of modern Zionism," formally organized the Zionist movement in 1897.

Philosophy of Theodor Herzl, late nineteenth-century German Jewish author of Der Judenstaat (1896). Herzl theorized that growing hatred of Jews in Europe and the slow assimilation of Jewish culture into wider European culture could only be stopped by the establishment of a Jewish homeland.
http:// www. faculty.juniata.edu/tuten/islamic/glossary.html [No longer on the Web]

Jewish ideology that has focused on establishing a homeland. The name is derived from the hill Zion, on which the Temple of Jerusalem was situated.
http://i-cias.com/cgi-bin/eo-direct.pl?zionism.htm  www.libraryreference.org/index.php

The movement to restore the Jewish people to a sovereign homeland of their own.

...a political movement, founded in the late nineteenth century by Theodor Herzl, aimed at fostering Jewish identity and nationalism. Its eventual goal was to found a Jewish homeland state in Palestine. Many Jews in Nazi Germany identified with the movement. Since the establishment of Israel in 1948, the world Zionist movement has led the effort to support it financially and morally, and encourages Jews to emigrate there.

[A] modern political movement for reconstituting a Jewish national state in Palestine.

Jewish nationalist movement to establish a homeland in Palestine. This movement began in the late 1800s, as anti-Semitic feelings intensified in Europe. The main leader of this movement was a journalist by the name of Theodor Herzl. Herzl's dream of a homeland for Jewish peoples was realized in 1948 with the creation of Israel.
http: //regentsprep.org/Regents/global/vocab/topic_alpha.cfm  [No longer on the Web]

Political movement securing the Jewish return to the land of Israel.
http: // www. re-xs.ucsm.ac.uk/gcsere/glossaries/judglos.html

Idea to establish an autonomous Jewish home in Palestine. In modern times it was resurrected by Hungarian journalist Theodor Herzl (1860-1904). The Balfour Declaration of 1917 promised the British would hand over Palestine to the Jews. At the time many Jews viewed Palestine as their spiritual home only, but Hitler's prosecution changed their minds and the modern state of Israel came into being in 1948. In 1942 Zionist leaders met in New York (at the Biltmore Hotel) and demanded a Jewish Democratic Commonwealth as part of the new world order after the war - this became the Biltmore Programme.
http:// www .embassy.org.nz/encycl/z1encyc.htm  [No longer on the Web]

The movement that has encouraged the creation and support of the nation of Israel.
http:// www. highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0767420438/student_view0/chapter8/glossary.html  [No longer on the Web]

Here is the dictionary definition for Zionism from The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition: A Jewish movement that arose in the late 19th century in response to growing anti-Semitism and sought to reestablish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Modern Zionism is concerned with the support and development of the state of Israel. Put simply, Zionism is the right of the Jewish state of Israel to exist within defined and defended borders, and the right to provide security for its citizens.

[T]he political movement of support for the modern State of Israel, especially that based on the religious belief that Palestine was the Promised Land which God gave to the ancient Israelites and therefore which ought now to belong to the Jewish people by divine right.
www. jcu.edu/ Bible/205/Readings/Glossary.htm [No longer on the Web]

...movement originating in Eastern Europe during the 1860s and 1870s that argued that the Jews must return to a Middle Eastern Holy Land; eventually identified with the settlement of Palestine. (p. 973)
www. occawlonline. pearsoned.com/bookbind/pubbooks/stearns_awl/medialib/glossary/gloss_Z.html

...a policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine 

a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine

Zionism is a political movement among Jews (although supported by some non-Jews) which maintains that the Jewish people constitute a nation and are entitled to a national homeland. Formally founded in 1897, Zionism embraced a variety of opinions in its early years on where that homeland might be established. From 1917 it focused on the establishment of a Jewish national homeland or state in Palestine, the location of the ancient Kingdom of Israel.

The Zionism Guys

Definitions of Zionism - Introduction  Definitions of Zionism by Zionist Groups

See also - A History of Zionism and the Creation of Israel - A detailed history from the Zionist point of view that discusses and addresses some criticisms of Zionism.


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Sister sites  http://zionism.netfirms.com Zionism Pages  and Zionism On the Web

Zionism - Definition and Brief History - A balanced article that covers the definitions and history of Zionism as well as opposition to Zionism and criticisms by Arabs,  Jewish anti-Zionists.

Labor Zionism - Early History and Critique - Contribution of Labor Zionism to the creation of the Jewish state, and problems of Labor Zionism in a changing reality.

A History of Zionism and the Creation of Israel - A detailed history from the Zionist point of view that discusses and addresses some criticisms of Zionism.

The US Library of congress has a comprehensive and balanced set of articles about Zionism:

Zionist Precursors - US Library of Congress

Political Zionism - US Library of Congress

Cultural Zionism - US Library of Congress

Labor Zionism - US Library of Congress

Revisionist Zionism - US Library of Congress

Dvar Dea - Israel & Zionist advocacy

Googletestad - What is it, and why it is important for us

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