Zionism - Israeli Flag

Zionism and Israel - Biographies
Biography - Henrietta Szold

Biography - Henrietta Szold

Henrietta Szold (Born December 21, 1860; Died February 13, 1945)  was an American Jewish scholar and Zionist leader. She was born in Baltimore, Maryland. She was given special permission to study in the Jewish Theological Seminary, taught school for many years and worked for the Jewish Publication Society for over twenty years.  She translated Heinrich Graetz's monumental History of the Jews from German into English.

In 1909 she visited Palestine and became a committed Zionist. In 1912 she founded  Hadassah, the Women's organization, serving as its president until 1926. The Hadassah organization created the Hadassah hospital, serving Arabs and Jews, perhaps the largest and most modern medical center in the Middle East.

Szold was approached by Manya Shochat and Rahel Yanait to get a letter of introduction that would enable them to obtain funds for the clandestine Haganah.  Although Szold sympathized with the defense needs of the labor settlements--she even wrote a letter of introduction for Shohat which was subsequently retracted--she was reluctant to sponsor Shohat's clandestine activities. As president of Hadassah, Szold explained, she had a moral obligation not to engage in illegal activities that could jeopardize the American organization's credibility. Szold also was an ardent believer in fostering good relations with the Arabs of Palestine, and insisted that Zionists should have paid more attention to this problem in time.

 In 1933, working with Hadassah in Palestine, she initiated and ran the Youth Aliyah (Aliyat Hanoar) which rescued some 22,000 Jewish children from Nazi Europe. Szold lived the rest of her life in Palestine and died in Jerusalem on February 13, 1945.

More Israeli and Zionist Biographies   The Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Zionism and Israel


Text of biography is copyright © 2005 by Ami Isseroff and Zionism and Israel Information Center, May be printed out for non-profit educational use without permission. Other uses by permission only. Please link to these pages. Please do not copy them to Web sites or forums without permission. 


External Zionism Links

This site provides resources about Zionism and Israeli history, including links to source documents. We are not responsible for the information content of these sites. These links are NOT intended to be an exhaustive reference about Zionism, but the list will keep growing...

Please tell us about your favorite links and we will review them for inclusion.

Please do copy these links to your Web site and tell your friends about  https://zionism-israel.com Zionism and Israel Information Center

 Thank you.

Please link to us and to  our Sister Web sites -    http://zionism.netfirms.com Zionism Pages  and Zionism and Israel On the Web

Wikipedia article about Zionism - A comprehensive article including the history of Zionism  as well as links to specific topics and articles about anti-Zionism.

Zionism - Table of contents at the Jewish Virtual Library

Zionism article at Infoplease

Zionism - Definition and Brief History - A balanced article that covers the definitions and history of Zionism as well as opposition to Zionism and criticisms by Arabs,  Jewish anti-Zionists.

Labor Zionism - Early History and Critique - Contribution of Labor Zionism to the creation of the Jewish state, and problems of Labor Zionism in a changing reality.

The US Library of congress has a comprehensive and balanced set of articles about Zionism:

Zionist Precursors - US Library of Congress

Political Zionism - US Library of Congress

Cultural Zionism - US Library of Congress

Labor Zionism - US Library of Congress

Revisionist Zionism - US Library of Congress

Jewish Agency Zionism pages - Links to basic information about Zionism from the Jewish Agency

Ambassador Herzog explains Zionism in the UN


Dvar Dea - Israel Advocacy

Israël-Palestina Informatie -gids Israël, Zionisme, Palestijnen en Midden-Oosten conflict... Israeli-Palestinian conflict from a European perspective - Dutch and English.


ZioNation - Zionism-Israel Web Log    Zionism & Israel News  Israel: like this, as if Albert Einstein Bible History of Zionism Zionism FAQ Zionism Israel Center Maps of Israel Jew Israel Advocacy Zionism and its Impact Israel Christian Zionism