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Biography - A. D. Gordon

Biography - A. D. Gordon

A.D. Gordon (1856-1922) was born in 1856 in Podolia, Russia to a religious family. After his marriage, Gordon became manager of a large tract of land which was rented out for farming. He was also involved in the Hovevei Zion movement and was an ardent Zionist. When the lease on the lands he was managing expired in 1903, Gordon decided to emigrate to Palestine and became an agricultural laborer at the relatively advanced age ­ forty-seven. Until that time he had been a white collar worker and had no experience in manual labor.

Zionism - A.D. Goron - Founder of Labor Zionism

Gordon lived first  in Petah Tikvah, later in Rishon Le-Zion and finally settled in Degania, the first  kvutsah. He made a religion of work. He believed that physical effort on the land would bring about his personal redemption, and that such labor would also redeem the Jewish people. He argued that the work created an organic interrelationship between the man, the land and culture.

Gordon founded the Hapoel Hatzair Labor Zionist movement, and it is in fact his pragmatic and non-Marxist socialism that dominated the Israel labor party.

Gordon died in 1922 and was buried in Degania.


More Israeli and Zionist Biographies The Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Zionism and Israel

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Wikipedia article about Zionism - A comprehensive article including the history of Zionism  as well as links to specific topics and articles about anti-Zionism.

Zionism - Table of contents at the Jewish Virtual Library

Zionism article at Infoplease

Zionism - Definition and Brief History - A balanced article that covers the definitions and history of Zionism as well as opposition to Zionism and criticisms by Arabs,  Jewish anti-Zionists.

Labor Zionism - Early History and Critique - Contribution of Labor Zionism to the creation of the Jewish state, and problems of Labor Zionism in a changing reality.

The US Library of congress has a comprehensive and balanced set of articles about Zionism:

Zionist Precursors - US Library of Congress

Political Zionism - US Library of Congress

Cultural Zionism - US Library of Congress

Labor Zionism - US Library of Congress

Revisionist Zionism - US Library of Congress

Jewish Agency Zionism pages - Links to basic information about Zionism from the Jewish Agency

Ambassador Herzog explains Zionism in the UN


Dvar Dea - Israel Advocacy

Israel-Palestina - (Dutch) Middle East Conflict, Israel, Palestine,Zionism... Israël-Palestina Informatie -gids Israël, Zionisme, Palestijnen en Midden-Oosten conflict... Israeli-Palestinian conflict from a European perspective - Dutch and English.


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