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Qadima (Kadima) Party

Kadima (Qadima) List - Kadima (or Qadima) (meaning "forward" in Hebrew) is the list or party formed by Ariel Sharon in 2005 from a faction of the Likud. In November of 2005, election of Amir Peretz  to the chairmanship of the Israel Labor party caused the collapse of the unity government of PM Ariel Sharon. Peretz pulled the Labor party out of the coalition as he had promised in the primary campaign. Sharon agreed to an election date. However, Sharon decided that he could not continue to govern as head of the Likud party. Likud rebels angered over the disengagement plan had withdrawn support from Sharon in key votes, vetoing his choices for ministers to replace the Labor ministers who had quit and threatening to vote against the budget. He therefore announced formation of the Qadima party, which drew 13 MKs from the Likud, as well as Haim Ramon from Labor.

Kadimah's foreign policy platform as announced will follow the quartet roadmap according to the Israeli interpretation, demanding full Palestinian compliance in outlawing terror groups before proceeding with negotiations with the Palestinians. Kadimah's economic and social policy is as yet unclear, but will probably follow the traditional Likud mixture of populism and free enterprise, with a greater emphasis on social legislation than in the past. Sharon announced an ambitious plan to develop the Negev.

Synonyms and alternate spellings:

Further Information: Political Parties, Israel

Hebrew/Arabic pronunciation and transliteration conventions:

'H - ('het) a guttural sound made deep in the throat. To Western ears it may sound like the "ch" in loch. In Arabic there are several letters that have similar sounds. Examples: 'hanukah, 'hamas, 'haredi. Formerly, this sound was often represented by ch, especially in German transliterations of Hebrew. Thus, 'hanukah is often rendered as Chanuka for example.

ch - (chaf) a sound like "ch" in loch or the Russian Kh as in Khruschev or German Ach, made by putting the tongue against the roof of the mouth. In Hebrew, a chaf can never occur at the beginning of a word. At the beginning of a word, it has a dot in it and is pronounced "Kaf."

u - usually between oo as in spoon and u as in put.

a- sounded like a in arm

ah- used to represent an a sound made by the letter hey at the end of a word. It is the same sound as a. Haganah and Hagana are alternative acceptable transliterations.

'a-notation used for Hebrew and Arabic ayin, a guttural ah sound.

o - close to the French o as in homme.

th - (taf without a dot) - Th was formerly used to transliterate the Hebrew taf sound for taf without a dot. However in modern Hebrew there is no detectable difference in standard pronunciation of taf with or without a dot, and therefore Histadruth and Histadrut, Rehovoth and Rehovot are all acceptable.

q- (quf) - In transliteration of Hebrew and Arabic, it is best to consistently use the letter q for the quf, to avoid confusion with similar sounding words that might be spelled with a kaf, which should be transliterated as K. Thus, Hatiqva is preferable to Hatikva for example.

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