The Sbarro restaurant massacre was a Palestinian terrorist suicide bombing in a pizzeria in downtown Jerusalem, Israel, on August 9, 200, in which 15 civilians, including children and U.S, citizens, were killed and 130 wounded. The Sbarro pizza restaurant chain outlet was located at the corner of King George Street and Jaffa Road in Jerusalem, one of the busiest pedestrian crossings in Israel. Just before 2:00 p.m. on a summer holiday afternoon, when the restaurant was filled with customers and pedestrian traffic outside was at its peak, a suicide bomber detonated his bomb. Fifteen people were killed in the attack, seven of them children, and 130 were wounded. Among the dead was a family of five (two adults and three children). The bombing was part of the Al-Aqsa Intifada, This part of Jerusalem has been part of Israel since before1948. It is in the "new city" built by Jews. The victims were not "settlers" or "colonists" or religious fanatics.
The suicide bomber was identified as Izz al-Din Shuheil al-Masri from the Palestinian West Bank town of Aqabah. Izz al-Masri was about 22, the son of a successful restaurant owner, and from an affluent land-owning family. He was not desparate or destitute or a "victim of the occupation." He was escorted to the restaurant by Ahlam Tamimi, a 20-year-old female university student and part-time journalist, who had disguised herself as a Jewish tourist for the occasion. Tamimi later commented, "Despite the fact that I'm sentenced to 16 life sentences I know that we will become free from Israeli occupation and then I will also be free from the prison."
The explosives were constructed by Abdallah Barghouti. He was given 67 life sentences on November 30, 2004.A t his trial, evidence was produced to show that Barghouti's relative Marwan Barghouti paid Abdallah $500 build the bomb. This came on top of the $117,000 he received for his troubles from Hamas, according to evidence given to the court. Marwan Barghouti, a moderate Fatah "activist" is incarcerated for his part in the Intifadah violence. Peace activists advocate the release of Marwan Barghouti.
The massacre was coordinated and planned by the Hamas terror organization's Ramallah branch, the the Palestinian Islamic Jihad also took "credit." Six weeks later, a gory triumphal exhibit at Al Najah University featured a mock-up of the Sbarro restaurant including gnawed pizza crusts and bloody plastic body parts suspended from the ceiling as if they were blasting through the air. An Najah is controlled by the "modrate" Palestinian Authority.
Victims Giora Balash, 60, from São Paulo, Brazil; Zvika Golombek, 26, from Karmiel, Israel; Shoshana Yehudit (Judy) Greenbaum, 31, from Passaic, New Jersey, USA; Tehila Maoz, 18, from Jerusalem; Frieda Mendelsohn, 62, from Jerusalem; Michal Raziel, 16, from Ramot, Jerusalem; Malka Chana (Malki) Roth, 15, from Ramot, Jerusalem (memorial) (originally from Melbourne, Australia); Mordechai Schijveschuurder, 43, from Neria, Matte Binyamin; Tzira Schijveschuurder, 41, from Neria; Ra'aya Schijveschuurder, 14, from Neria; Avraham Yitzhak Schijveschuurder, 4, from Neria; Hemda Schijveschuurder, 2, from Neria; Lily Shimashvili, 33, from Jerusalem; Tamara Shimashvili, 8, from Jerusalem; Yocheved Shoshan, 10, from Jerusalem
March 21, 2011
Synonyms and alternate spellings:
Hebrew/Arabic pronunciation and transliteration conventions:
'H - ('het) a guttural sound made deep in the throat. To Western ears it may sound like the "ch" in loch. In Arabic there are several letters that have similar sounds. Examples: 'hanukah, 'hamas, 'haredi. Formerly, this sound was often represented by ch, especially in German transliterations of Hebrew. Thus, 'hanukah is often rendered as Chanuka for example.
ch - (chaf) a sound like "ch" in loch or the Russian Kh as in Khruschev or German Ach, made by putting the tongue against the roof of the mouth. In Hebrew, a chaf can never occur at the beginning of a word. At the beginning of a word, it has a dot in it and is pronounced "Kaf."
u - usually between oo as in spoon and u as in put.
a- sounded like a in arm
ah- used to represent an a sound made by the letter hey at the end of a word. It is the same sound as a. Haganah and Hagana are alternative acceptable transliterations.
'a-notation used for Hebrew and Arabic ayin, a guttural ah sound.
o - close to the French o as in homme.
th - (taf without a dot) - Th was formerly used to transliterate the Hebrew taf sound for taf without a dot. However in modern Hebrew there is no detectable difference in standard pronunciation of taf with or without a dot, and therefore Histadruth and Histadrut, Rehovoth and Rehovot are all acceptable.
q- (quf) - In transliteration of Hebrew and Arabic, it is best to consistently use the letter q for the quf, to avoid confusion with similar sounding words that might be spelled with a kaf, which should be transliterated as K. Thus, Hatiqva is preferable to Hatikva for example.
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