Frames Version of the Dictionary
A land without a people for a people without a land
Alliance Israelite Universelle
Andreas of Rinn (Blood Libel)
Arab Democratic Party
Arab Higher Committee
Avivim School Bus Massacre
Battle of Mishmar Ha'emek
Beit Yisrael Massacre
Benjamin of Tudela
Black Death, massacres of Jews
British Mandate for Palestine
Citizens Rights Movement Party - Ratz
Coastal Road Massacre
Dar el Harb
Dar el Islam
Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Principles
Democratic Movement for Change (Dash, Democratic Change Party)
Dolphinarium Discotheque massacre
Glubb Pasha (John Bagot Glubb)
Ha Lachma Aniah
Independent Liberal Party
Jewish Revolt (First Jewish Revolt)
Labor Alignment Party
Maarach Labor Alignment Party
Maki - Israel Communist Party
Marcus, Mickey (David Marcus)
Mishmar Ha'emek, Battle
National Union Party (Ichud Leumi)
Operation Defensive Shield
Pogroms, Russian Civil War
Rakah (Rakah)- Israel Communist party
Ratz-Citizens Rights Movement Party
Russian Civil War Pogroms
Secular Democratic State
Secular Humanistic Judaism
Seder (Passover Seder
Simon of Trent (blood Libel)
The Jewish State
Tomb of Rachel (the matriarch)
Ukrainian Pogroms - 1918-1921
United Arab List
Vilna ghetto uprising
War of Attrition
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Zionism and Israel Information Center 2005-2011
Hebrew/Arabic pronunciation and transliteration conventions:
'H - ('het) a guttural sound made deep in the throat. To Western ears it may sound like the "ch" in loch. In Arabic there are several letters that have similar sounds. Examples: 'hanukah, 'hamas, 'haredi. Formerly, this sound was often represented by ch, especially in German transliterations of Hebrew. Thus, 'hanukah is often rendered as Chanuka for example.
ch - (chaf) a sound like "ch" in loch or the Russian Kh as in Khruschev or German Ach, made by putting the tongue against the roof of the mouth. In Hebrew, a chaf can never occur at the beginning of a word. At the beginning of a word, it has a dot in it and is pronounced "Kaf."
u - usually between oo as in spoon and u as in put.
a- sounded like a in arm
ah- used to represent an a sound made by the letter hey at the end of a word. It is the same sound as a. Haganah and Hagana are alternative acceptable transliterations.
'a-notation used for Hebrew and Arabic ayin, a guttural ah sound.
o - close to the French o as in homme.
th - (taf without a dot) - Th was formerly used to transliterate the Hebrew taf sound for taf without a dot. However in modern Hebrew there is no detectable difference in standard pronunciation of taf with or without a dot, and therefore Histadruth and Histadrut, Rehovoth and Rehovot are all acceptable.
q- (quf) - In transliteration of Hebrew and Arabic, it is best to consistently use the letter q for the quf, to avoid confusion with similar sounding words that might be spelled with a kaf, which should be transliterated as K. Thus, Hatiqva is preferable to Hatikva for example.
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