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A History of Israel

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A history of Israel

Zionism and Israel Online Biography -   Biographies of major Israeli and Zionist leaders

Zionism and Israel Documents - Source Documents in the history of Israel and Zionism

Timeline - A timeline of Zionism and the history of Israel and Palestine

Israel Pre-State Intelligence Timeline | Israel Intelligence Timeline - 1948-1956 | Israel Intelligence Timeline 1956-1960 | Israel Intelligence Timeline 1961-1967 | Israel Intelligence Timeline 1968-1973 | Israel Intelligence Timeline 1974-1982 | Israel Intelligence Timeline 1983-1991 | Israel Intelligence Timeline 1992-present 1948 Israel War of Independence (First Arab-Israeli war) Timeline (Chronology)

Israel - Birth of a Nation - The struggle for Israel's independence

A Bibliography of Zionism

Israel and Zionism Photo Gallery  - Photos of leaders and historical events

Chapters in History - Zionism, Palestine and Israel

A History of Zionism and the Creation of Israel - A detailed history from the Zionist point of view that discusses and addresses some criticisms of Zionism.

Palestine Massacre: The forgotten pogrom: Safed 1834

History and significance of Jerusalem to the Jews

Grand Mufti Hajj Amin Al Husseini

The Balfour Declaration

Gush Etzion Remembered - The Kfar Etzion Massacre

Arab Riots and Massacres of 1929

Kiryat Haroshet Massacre-1938

The Great Uprising: The Arab Revolt in Palestine

A History of the Haganah- Zionist Defense Force in Palestine

 The Hebron Massacre

The Gush Etzion Massacre

The Hadassah Convoy Massacre

The Ethnic Cleansing of Jerusalem

Palestine Ethnic Cleansing

Israel - Includes ancient and medieval history

War of Independence

The Six Day War

The Yom Kippur War

Mahmoud Abbas on why Camp David Failed

History of anti-Zionism

Zionism and Israel: Judeophobia ('Anti-Semitism') - A History and Analysis of Jew Hate

Zionism and Israel: Judeophobia ('anti-Semitism',Jew Hate) in the Pagan Ancient World

Zionism and Israel: Judeophobia (Anti-Semitism, Jew Hate) in the Early Christian Church

Zionism and Israel: Medieval Persecution of Jews I - Proselytization, Conversions and Ghettos

Zionism and Israel: Medieval Persecution of Jews: II- Crusades, Expulsions, Inquisitions and Massacres 

Zionism and Israel: Medieval Persecution of Jews: III- Blood Libels and other Myths

Zionism and Israel: Persecution of the Jews Under Islam  

Zionism and Israel: Judeophobia ('anti-Semitism') in the Reformation

Zionism and Israel: Judeophobia in the Enlightenment and 19th Century France

Zionism and Israel: Germany: Racism and Judeophobia ('Anti-Semitism')

Zionism and Israel: Conspiratorial Theories and Russian Judeophobia ('Anti-Semitism')

Zionism and Israel: Marxism and Judeophobia ('Anti-Semitism')  

Zionism and Israel: Judeophobia ('Anti-Semitism') in The United States

Zionism and Israel: Contemporary Anti-Zionism

Zionism and Israel: Holocaust Denial

Zionism and Israel: Theories of the Etiology of Judeophobia ('Anti-Semitism')


The economy of Rural Palestine 1917-1939 - Kenneth Stein examines the rural economy of Palestine and the land question, which was at the heart of Arab complains against Zionism.

1929: Arthur Ruppin: Buying the Emek - This historic account explains the vicissitudes of Zionist land purchases in Palestine.

1919: A Jewish Palestine by H. Sacher - An eminent Jewish scholar pleaded the case for a Jewish National Home in Palestine.


2006: UN Security Council Resolution 1680 - This resolution urges Syria to delineate borders with Lebanon, and open an embassy. It reiterates the call for disarming of militias including the Hezbollah terrorists.

2005: Text of Israeli High Court Ruling Regarding the Legality of the Security Fence.

2005: PM Ariel Sharon's Address before the United Nations - Following completion of the Israeli disengagement plan, Ariel Sharon gave this speech to the UN General Assembly on September 15, 2005. 

2004: ICJ Ruling on the Israeli Security Wall (Barrier, Fence)The International Court of Justice in the Hague ruled that the security fence is illegal under international law. Several judges also submitted concurring or dissenting opinions: Dissent of Judge Buergenthal concerning the ICJ Israel Security Fence Ruling, Judge Ozawa,  Opinion of Judge Higgins, Opinion of Judge Kooijmans, Opinion of Judge El Araby, Opinion of Judge Khawasneh, Opinion of Judge Koroma

2004: UN Security Council Resolution 1559 - This resolution is aimed at Syria and was an unsuccessful attempt to prevent the amendment of the Lebanese constitution to allow Syrian-sponsored Emile Lahoud to remain President for an additional three years. It calls for an end to interference in Lebanese internal affairs and for withdrawal of foreign (Syrian) troops from Lebanon.

1947: The Consequences of Partition of Palestine - CIA Report - The CIA estimated that the Arab states would not dare to attack Israel and defy the UN, but that Israel would lose a guerrilla war against the Palestinian Arabs and their supporters. The opposition of the Arab states was based on their claim that Palestine was part of the Arab world, and not on fears of dispossession by Jews or the issue of self-determination for Palestinian Arabs.

1947: UN Debate on Palestine Partition- November, 26, 1947 - The USSR favored the partition plan.

1947: UN Debate on Palestine - US Position -The US supported the partition plan.

1947: Report of UNSCOP - The UN Special Commission on Palestine- On September 1, 1947, the UN Special Commission on Palestine submitted this report, recommending partition of Palestine.

1947: UN Debate on Palestine - Remarks of Soviet Representative Andrei Gromyko, May 14, 1947 - The USSR supported a one-state solution at this time, but would support partition if the one-state solution was unworkable.

1941 - Palestinian Grand Mufti Haj Amin El Husseini - Fatwa of 1941 - Declares Holy War on Britain - During the Pro-Axis Coup he engineered in Iraq, the Mufti issued a Fatwa calling for Holy War against Britain in a radio speech broadcast on Axis radio as well as in Iraq.

1937 The Columbus Platform of Reform Judaism - In 1937, Reform Jewish leaders met and, for the first time, reversed the historic antipathy of reform Judaism to Zionism.

1937(?) - Bund Flyer Ridiculing Ze'ev Jabotinsky - Jabotinsky had come to Poland to warn Jews to leave before it was too late. The anti-Zionist Bund ridiculed him as a paper general and bade him "evacuate Poland."

1931: Letter of PM Ramsay MacDonald to Chaim Weizmann Rescinding the Passfield White Paper - This letter explained that the British government had no intention of stopping immigration to Palestine, despite the Hope-Simpson report and Passfield White Paper.

1930: The Passfield White Paper- The Passfield White Paper, issued simultaneously with the Hope-Simpson report, adopted the provisions of the Hope-Simpson report and declared that the protection of the rights of Arab inhabitants was of equal importance to the mission of the British Mandate with the development of a Jewish National Home.

1930: The Hope-Simpson Report - (note - this is a very large document) The Hope Simpson report, issued following the riots of 1929, recommended the cessation of Jewish immigration to Palestine pending development of irrigation, which might allow the immigration of an additional 20,000 families.

1929: Arthur Ruppin: Buying the Emek - This historic account explains the vicissitudes of Zionist land purchases in Palestine.

1919: Arthur Balfour: Introduction on Zionism - In 1919, Lord Arthur Balfour, author of the Balfour declaration, wrote this document to introduce a history of Zionism written by Nahum Sokolov.

1919: Feisal-Frankfurter Correspondence - Letters exchanged between Feisal, the son of Sharif Hussayn and US Justice Felix Frankfurter, at the Paris peace conference in 1919, assuring Dr. Frankfurter that Zionism had the support of the Arabs, and declaring that Zionism is a national movement and not an imperialist movement.

1919: Feisal-Weizmann Agreement - Agreement between Feisal, the son of Sharif Hussayn, leader of the Arab revolt, and Dr. Chaim Weizmann, head of the Zionist movement, in which Zionists agreed to further Arab nationalist aims and Feisal agreed to support the Balfour declaration and large scale Jewish immigration to Palestine, provided that the Arabs received an independent state in Iraq and Syria. The British agreed instead to give Syria to the French.

1919: A Jewish Palestine by H. Sacher - An eminent Jewish scholar pleaded the case for a Jewish National Home in Palestine.

1917: The Balfour Declaration- The "letter" from Lord Balfour to Lord Rothschild, declaring that the British government "view with favor" the establishment of a Jewish National Home in Palestine. This was to be the basis of the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine, granted to Great Britain.

1917: Ber Borochov - Eretz Yisrael in our program and tactics - This last recorded speech of Borochov represents a radical change in some respects from his earlier doctrinaire Marxist position and blind faith in historical inevitability, in favor of recognizing the importance of cultural factors in Zionist aspirations.

1917: Poalei Tziyon Peace Platform - Call for League of Nations, national self determination.

1917 - Edwin Montagu - Opposition to the Balfour Declaration - Edwin Montagu, the only Jew in the British cabinet, was a bitter opponent of the Balfour declaration. In August of 1917, he presented the government with a memorandum claiming that the declaration was "anti-Semitic" and would result in the expulsion of Jews from Europe. The Jewish problem, Montagu believed was being solved by "progress."

1916: Sykes-Picot Agreement - Agreement between Mark Sykes for Britain and Georges Picot for France, granting parts of the Middle East to French and International Control.

1916: Ber Borochov - The Economic Development of the Jewish People - This article is a classic exposition of a central thesis of Socialist Zionism - the anomalous class structure of the Jewish people.

1915: Husayn-McMahon Correspondence - Letter from Sir Henry McMahon to Sherif Husayn (Hussein of Mecca) in 1915, reserving part of the area to be liberated from Turkish control for non-Arab control. The boundaries of the area specified were vague. Various commentators decided that the area did or did not include Palestine according to their partisan prejudices.

1908: Arthur Ruppin - The Situation in 1907 - Ruppin visited Palestine, saw the problems of Zionist settlement, proposed a solution, and was chosen to implement it.

1906: Poalei Tziyon - Our Platform - Sets out the essentials of Borochovian Marxist Zionism.

1905: Max Nordau - Zionism- This brief survey by the co-founder of the Zionist movement explains Zionism, anti-Zionism, and Zionist aspirations in the formative stage of the movement.

1905: Ber Borochov - The National Question and the Class Struggle - One of the fathers of Socialist Zionism, Borochov pointed out the importance of nationalism, as well as economic motives, in history.

1902: Altneuland - Theodor Herzl's novel of a modern, democratic, pluralistic Jewish state in Palestine, with equality for Arabs. In Hebrew, it was called "Tel Aviv."

1898: Nachman Syrkin - The Jewish Problem and the Socialist Jewish State - This article or pamphlet presents Syrkin's combination of non-Marxian socialism and Zionist nationalism.

1897 - Achad Ha'am - Jewish State, Jewish Problem - Achad Ha'am did not accept the political Zionism of Herzl, or the practical settlement approach of others. This article was a reaction to the first Zionist congress.

1897: Program of the First Zionist Congress- Theodore Herzl organized the first Zionist Congress in Basle, Switzerland in 1897. Prior to the Congress, Zionist activities had been initiated by several different groups such as Hovevei Zion (lovers of Zion) with no central direction or political program. The Basle Congress was the foundation of a mass Zionist movement.

1897: Max Nordau- Opening Address at the first Zionist congress.

1896: The Jewish State - Theodor Herzl -  This book became, essentially, the program of the Zionist movement and the embodiment of its common ideology. Complete downloadable source, with a historical preface.

1891: Achad Ha'am - An Open Letter to my Brethren: Pinsker and his Pamphlet, Auto-Emancipation - This eulogy of Leon Pinsker, written in 1891, shows clearly that Achad Ha'am was not opposed to the idea of settlement in Palestine, and that "cultural Zionism" and "practical Zionism" were not incompatible in his view.

1889 - Achad Ha'am - This is not the way ("The wrong way")  - Achad Ha'am believed that Zionist settlement in Palestine would never amount to anything important without a cultural revival of the Jewish people.

1885 - The Pittsburgh platform of Reform Jews- This platform reiterated Reform Jewish opposition to the idea of Jewish peoplehood.

1882: Auto-Emancipation by Leon Pinsker- This early Zionist pamphlet was written by Leon Pinsker after violent pogroms in Russia.

1882: BILU Manifesto- Document issued by the BILU, a Proto-Zionist pioneer group in Constantinople, on their way to settle in the land of Israel.

1869- The Philadelphia Platform of Reform Jews - 1869 - The early reform Jewish movement in the USA, like German Reform Judaism, was opposed to the idea that there is a "Jewish People" and of return to Zion. This is implicit in the Philadelphia Platform of 1869.

1862: Rome and Jerusalem: The Last National Question by Moses Hess- This book was the first call for Jewish national liberation couched in terms of nationalism and based on socialist and liberalist ideals.

c 1130 - Yehuda Halevi - Two Hebrew Poems - "My Heart is in the East and "Zion, surely thou art anxious.." - These poems are part of a rich legacy that kept alive the love of Zion, enriched the Hebrew language, and had a profound influence on modern Hebrew poetic idiom.


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Boycott Israel?

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What is Zionism?  Chicago Peace Now on Zionism.
Anti-Zionism is Anti-Semitism

Zionism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Six Day War (UK)
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Christians Standing With Israel

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